In exceptional circumstances defences can apply to specific acts, such as killing in self defence, or pleading insanity. Another example is in the 19th-century English case of R v Dudley and Stephens, which tested a defence of “necessity”. Three crew members and Richard Parker, a 17-year-old cabin boy, were stranded on a raft. They argued it was necessary to kill the cabin boy to preserve their own lives.
- The more people are involved with, concerned by and capable of changing how political power is exercised over their lives, the more acceptable and legitimate the law becomes to the people.
- Articles that delineate the relationship of law to political structures are constitution; ideology; political party; and political system.
- Examples include the President of Germany , the Queen of the United Kingdom , and the President of Austria .
- Business speculators using trusts had just recently caused a stock market crash.
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